Breed Profile – Perro de Presa Canario
The Perro de Presa Canario is a cross between Bulldogs, Mastiffs and Native dogs, in the 1800s English settlers brought over mastiffs and old-style bulldogs that bred with the Canario. This resulted in very powerful, muscular, large-boned dogs, which were used for fighting until 1940, when dog fighting was banned. The Presa Canario was not solely a fighting dog, however, and was quite often used as a herding dog, guard dog, and all-purpose farm dog. In the 1940s the breed started to diminish but was revived once again in the 1970s by Spaniards searching for the native dogs that were able to find pure blooded specimens of the species. Within ten years, the breed was back on its feet again, not in high numbers but in good bloodlines and back in the show ring. Today the breed is known in the U.S., unfortunately, as a threatening breed that has attacked people. Although these dogs can be aggressive, proper training and socialization are key in their development to produce a calm and responsible dog.
The dog’s main duty in the early 1900s was to guard the farms, help guide the cattle and get rid of any unwanted stray dogs. They also were largely involved with dog fighting and a good number were bred for this purpose. These courageous dogs were known for their little amount of bark, defensive abilities and bred especially to have such powerful jaws. They are large dogs, heavy and mastiff-like. Perro de Presa Canario tend to be very aloof toward strangers, but very affectionate toward their family, and especially children. Most show signs of dog aggression and do best in situations with submissive dogs of the opposite sex. Presa Canarios do well with strong leadership and are loyal family protectors when raised properly.
Presa Canario are calm, attentive and gentle around children and their family. Perro de Presa Canarios are confident, unafraid and balanced. They make great watchdogs and guard dogs, defending what is theirs to the death. They are quiet and rather subdued at home, and devoted to their family. They can be difficult to train, as they can be stubborn and dominant. They certainly like to domineer over other dogs, and will not tolerate them unless they are submissive. The Perro de Presa Canario needs proper training and socialization at a young age to prevent unwanted dominance issues as well as develop their tolerance for strangers. They are a world class guard dog that holds their family in the highest regard.
Moderate walking, a short walk once per day is sufficient for these dogs. They do well in apartments and do not need a yard as long as they are regularly exercised. Grooming is minimal, brushing once per week with a thin bristle brush is enough to maintain coat health.
Prone to hip and elbow dysplasia as well as entropion, epilepsy, mange and OCD.
Average Height: 21 to 26 inches
Average Weight: 85 to 135 pounds
Colors: Black, white, brindle and fawn.
Category: Working, Mastiff